Korean Verb Conjugation (어요)


This is the second method of verb conjugation in Korean. This time, the verbs do not end with either  or  but some other vowels. Just like ‘verb + 아요’, we get rid of the dictionary form  in verbs. So what is left is the verb stem.

CONSONANT-ENDING VERB STEM

The verbs 먹다 (to eat), 싫다 (to dislike), and 불다 (to blow) are examples of these. They all end with a consonant which are , and  respectively. And a familiar transformation is about to happen.

먹다 --- 먹다 + 어요 --- 먹어요 
싫다 --- 싫다 + 어요 --- 싫어요 
불다 --- 불다 + 어요 --- 불어요

바람이 불어요.
The wind blows.

CONSONANT-ENDING VERB STEM ()

The verbs 마시다 (to drink) and 막히다 (to be congested) are examples of these.

마시다   ---- 마시다 + 어요 ----- 마시어요 
막히다   ---- 막하다 + 어요 ----- 막히어요


However, for ease of pronunciation, the "" and "" are merged into one and becomes ‘’. Hence, 마셔요 and 막혀요.

길이  막혀요.
The road is not congested.