Korean Verb Conjugation (아요)


There are three ways to conjugate verbs in Korean and the first one is by adding 아요 to verbs that end in vowels sounds  (a) or  (o). Korean verbs have   in them such as 가다먹다, and 하다 but it is omitted in the conjugation process.

CONSONANT-ENDING VERB STEM

The verbs 좋다 (to be good), 감다 (to close), and 알다 (to know) are examples of these. They all end with a consonant which are , and  respectively. To conjugate them, we omit  and add -아요. Let's take a look.

좋다 --- 좋다 + 아요 --- 좋아요
감다 --- 감다 + 아요 --- 감아요
알다 --- 알다 + 아요 --- 알아요

 노랠 알아요.
I know this song.

VOWEL-ENDING VERB STEM (
The verbs 가다 (to go) and 자다 (to close) are examples of these.

가다   ---- 가다 + 아요   ----- 가아요
자다   ---- 자다 + 아요   ----- 자아요

However, for ease of pronunciation, the first and second "" are merged and becomes 가요 and 자요.

언제 가요?
When are you going?

VOWEL-ENDING VERB STEM ()

The verbs 보다 (to see) and 오다 (to close) are examples of these.

보다   ---- 보다 + 아요   ----- 보아요
오다   ---- 오다 + 아요   ----- 오아요


 봐요?
What are you looking at?
What are you watching?

For the same reason above, a contraction is made between "" and "" so the final conjugated forms are 봐요 and 와요.