Noun + Whom + Noun in Korean


Let’s learn how to make relative clauses in Korean. To do this, we need the so-called relative pronouns in English. There are a few of them but we will focus on whom and that for this note. Whom is interchangeable with who and it is used to refer to people. That is also interchangeable with which and it is used to refer to things or anything non-person.

The teacher whom I like is Teacher Jeon.
The movie that I watched was Train to Busan.

Moreover, you can use this phrase when you want to make a proposition like Anyone who would like to play soccer after exam? or Anyone who wants to watch a movie with me? In Korean, you say 학교 끝나고 축구할 사람? and 나랑 같이 영화  사람? respectively.

All we need are particles that indicate the tense of the verb. It does not matter whether the object of the clause is a person or not. – is used for the present tense, -/ is used for the past tense, and / for the future tense. They are all attached to the verb stem. Let’s take a look at the patterns in English and Korean.

noun + whom/that + noun + verb
noun/ + verb// + noun

Therefore, the translated form of the sentences above are.

제가 좋아하는 선생님은 전선생님입니다.
제가  영화는 부산행이었어요.

To make it clearer, let’s construct two sentences and fuse them together in three different tenses.

PRESENT TENSE

I like an animal. That animal is a cat.
제가 동물을 좋아합니다 동물은 고양이입니다.

The animal that I like is a cat.
제가 좋아하는 동물은 고양이입니다.

PAST TENSE

I ate chicken yesterday. That chicken was spicy.
어제 치킨을 먹었습니다 치킨이 매웠습니다.

The chicken that I ate yesterday was spicy.
어제 먹은 치킨이 매웠습니다.

FUTURE TENSE


I will watch a movie with a friend tomorrow. I don’t know its title.
내일 친구랑 영화를  거예요 영화의 제목이 몰라요.

I don’t know the title of the movie that I will watch with a friend tomorrow.
내일 친구랑  영화의 제목을 몰라요.

Notice that the noun / part can be omitted as long as it is clear to the listener who the subject is.