Noun + Who + Verb in Korean

We have discussed the relative pronouns whom and that in Korean. My students particularly are confused about the difference between “who” and “whom” as a relative pronoun. For the sake of our Korean friends who are learning English through this page, let me point out some difference a bit.

  • Who is used in the pattern N + who + V.
  • Whom is used in the pattern N + whom + N + V.
  • Who and whom are used to refer to people.
  • Who and whom can be replaced with “that” informally.
  • Whom can be omitted as well.
  • Lastly, this is not a sentence but a mere phrase only

In the other note, there are two nouns- the first one being the object and the second being the subject. In Korean, the subject comes first before the object. Let’s take the relative phrase 내가 사랑했던 사람 as an example. In English, that is the person whom I loved. Person is the object and I is the subject.

In this note, the subject takes all the focus. There is no object at all which makes this pattern easier. – is used for the present tense, -/ is used for the past tense, and / for the future tense. We also have –ㅆ던   which refers to a past action but with emphasis on duration.  Let’s make some examples.

빨간색 옷을 입고 있는 여자
the girl who is wearing a red dress

대만에서  학생
the student who came from Taiwan

한국말 잘하는 외국인
a foreigner who is good at Korean

말을   있는 로봇
a robot that can talk

바보 같은 남자
a man who is like a fool

비싸지 않는 
something that is not expensive

한국에서 가까운 나라
a country that is near Korea

미국에서 만든 핸드폰
a phone that is made in America

우리  옆에 사는 아저씨
the man who lives next door

내일 학교  사람
anyone who will go to school tomorrow

Now, let’s pick three phrases from above and use them in a sentence.

빨간색 옷을 입고   여자 마음에 들어.
I like the girl who is wearing a red dress.

저는 한국말 잘하 외국인들 찾고 있습니다.
I am looking for foreigners who are good at Korean.

한국에서 제일 가까 나라 북한이죠.
The country that is nearest from South Korea is North Korea of course.

Moreover, you can use this phrase when you want to make a proposition like Anyone who would like to play soccer after exam? or Anyone who wants to watch a movie with me? In Korean, you say 학교 끝나고 축구할 사람? and 나랑 같이 영화  사람? respectively.