Basic Prepositions in Korean


Last time, we looked into the three basic prepositions in English (in,at on) and found out that they all refer to this one common particle called -. And guess what? We will still make use of it with a little spice in this note.

In English, the preposition comes first before the noun, but in Korean it's the other way around. This inverse pattern is definitely not new to you now. Perhaps the only thing that remains in its position is the subject, isn't it? Moving on, below are the five keywords along with - which is attached to signify the location of something. Let's not think of it as "in, at, or on" at this moment.

앞에 means in front of as in The candle is in front of the PC.

양초가 컵퓨터 앞에 있어요.

옆에 means beside or next to as in Dongchan is studying next to Sungeun.

동찬이가 성은 옆에 공부해요.

뒤에 means behind or at the back of as in Gangmin is hiding behind the tree.

강민이가 나무 뒤에 숨겨요.

위에 means above or on top of as in The fly is flying above the food.

파리가  위에 날고 있어요.


아래에 means below or under as in There are no shoes under the bed.

신발이 침대 아래에 없어요.

As you can see, the prepositions follow the noun but are not directly attached to them. Moreover, we can use variety of verbs too other than 있다 and 없다.